What Is Sea Moss Good For?

Over the past few years this seaweed has grown substantially in popularity. Commonly referred to as ‘Sea Moss’ it is a marine gem that has surprisingly undergone some quite extensive research.

Packed full of nutritional value, you’ll be amazed what this gift from nature has to offer. So, grab your goggles and snorkel because we’re about to take a deep dive!

Table of Contents

  1. Sea Moss Improves Skin Conditions
  2. Seaweed as Medicine
    1. Expels Excess Mucus from the Body
    2. Reduces inflammation
    3. Balances Hormones
    4. Blood Builder and Cleanser
    5. Libido Baby
  3. Sea Moss for Weight Loss
  4. Other Sea Moss Benefits
    1. It is a Valuable Source of Taurine
    2. Sea moss is rich in Carbohydrates called Polysaccharides
    3. Sea Moss helps to Strengthen Connective Tissue
    4. Sea Moss helps with Digestion and Digestive Functions
    5. Sea Moss could hold the key to Treating Prostate Enlargement
    6. Can Help to Control Appetite
    7. Can Promote Mental and Emotional Wellbeing
    8. Supports Healthy Gums
    9. Can Help to Clear up Acne
    10. Can Help to Reduce Pore Size
    11. Is effective at Reducing Dandruff
    12. Helps to Improve Circulation
    13. Reduces the Impact of Radiation Poisoning
  5. Known Side Effects of Sea Moss
    1. It has anticoagulant properties
    2. It has laxative properties

So, What is Sea Moss Good for?

Seeing as you’re reading this guide, I presume that you’re already aware that Sea Moss is an amazing superfood. Top of the charts if you ask me. But, if you’re still wondering what all the buzz is about, let me explain.

As it turns out, this seaweed has a heck of a lot of benefits. I’m so pleased that more and more people are coming to realize this.

Did you know that our bodies require an astonishing 102 minerals for optimal health? These are found in the form of trace minerals and macro-minerals. [1]

According to all accounts, Sea Moss is popularly believed to contain a whopping 92 minerals. This may be why it is regarded by many as a Superfood.

And that’s just the beginning. Because Sea Moss contains so many beneficial minerals, and much more, it is clearly great for people who are malnourished.

Usually, people focus on the 16 essential minerals. If you’ve ever bought those multi-mineral tablets from the pharmacy, they will typically consist of:

  • Calcium
  • Fluoride
  • Iodine
  • Sodium
  • Chloride
  • Phosphorus
  • Potassium
  • Chromium
  • Copper
  • Iron
  • Magnesium
  • Manganese
  • Selenium
  • Molybdenum
  • Sulfur, and
  • Zinc

Getting these straight from wholefoods, the way nature intended, is the most effective way in our opinion.

Sea Moss Improves Skin Conditions

Apart from being a great source of minerals and good gut food in the form of insoluble fibers (long chain polysaccharides). It also contains antiseptic properties. [2, 3]

When it is applied topically to the skin it helps to relieve and treat a variety of conditions from minor burns (including sunburn), to acne, rashes, psoriasis, dermatitis, and eczema. [4, 5]

Seaweed as Medicine

With a history spanning back hundreds, if not, thousands of years, seaweed has been used for a range of natural medicinal purposes. [6, 7]

So, what is Sea Moss good for from a medicinal perspective?

The research is ongoing and it looks like the list seems to be endless at this stage. But I’d like to cover a few that I found interesting within this guide.

Expels Excess Mucus from the Body

Sea Moss has been identified to possess antiviral and antibacterial properties which have been relied upon to help the body recover from colds and flues. [8, 9]

Having a long history of being used to treat respiratory problems ranging from coughs to phlegm, bronchitis, pneumonia, tuberculosis, and more for generations, this seaweed is attributed with providing the body with a means to purge mucus.

One of the fundamental teachings of Doctor Sebi was that there is only one disease; mucus.

According to Sebi, the manifestation of inflammation arising from the build up of mucus in the compromised membranes causes varying degrees of congestion. Sea Moss is believed to be highly effective at helping the body purge built up mucus.

Reduces inflammation

Sea Moss, when consumed may help relieve muscle and joint pain. It possesses naturally occurring anti-inflammatory properties. [10]

There are people who also consume this for improved gut health. It is believed to reduce the inflammation of the stomach and intestines while increasing the presence of good bacteria.

Eating this amazing seaweed on a regular basis, according to the research, has been shown to improve digestive health. [11]

Balances Hormones

Our hormones are managed by the thyroid gland which is found at the base of the throat. The thyroid gland is responsible for balancing our hormones and managing the immune system.

If the thyroid is not functioning properly, people tend to experience either an overactive or under-active thyroid. Various species of seaweed contain Iodine which helps to balance the thyroid function, and strengthens the immune system. [12]

This is a vital nutrient for someone who actively avoids consuming common iodized sodium chloride, or table salt. Iodized salt is better than salt that is not iodized, however, I firmly believe that mineral salts are better on the whole. [13]

According to various trusted sources of nutritional information, some mineral salts can be lower in iodine than what you would otherwise need. Himalayan Salt and Celtic Sea Salt are full of minerals, but they can at times lack in suitable iodine levels. [14]

A healthy iodine level helps to protect against a range of complications and is a natural way to regulate hormones and metabolism. [15]

Be careful when taking pharmaceutical thyroid medication as this may conflict with the natural properties of Sea Moss. Consuming too much, or not enough Iodine, may lead to more serious issues down the track. [16]

Blood Builder and Cleanser

Consuming seaweed is also recommended by advocates of old for the natural treatment of high blood pressure. [17]

Sea Moss is understood to help to clean the blood through a process of detoxification and controlling free-radicals. [18]

It has also been identified that it can help the body to regulate blood regulate sugar levels through specific means. [19]

You could say that this makes this seaweed a good natural product for people with diabetes to consider discussing with their trusted specialist to potentially help manage their blood sugar levels.

When it comes to building stronger blood, seaweed provides a mass of nutritional power to support this. Healthy blood need a supply of: [20, 21, 22, 23, 24]

  • Iron
  • Folic Acid
  • Vitamin B-12
  • Vitamin B-6
  • Vitamin E
  • Vitamin A

As a natural source of iron, Sea Moss helps to build healthier blood cells. Recent research has shown that maintaining healthy iron levels helps to prevent dangerous blood clotting. [25]

To help improve your body’s ability to absorb iron it is recommended by Dietitians and Nutritionists that you also have sufficient Vitamin C at the same time.

With these essential building blocks, the body is able to produce red blood cells more effectively. This means that oxygen is able to be transported within the body to where it needs to be.

Libido Baby

Some people believe that Sea Moss plays a key part in enhancing or even increasing their libido, and claim that it’s a great aphrodisiac. This is the case in countries in the Caribbean where the seaweed is even available as a canned drink.

As much as this may sound like it is anecdotal, there are results of studies done by the International Journal of Marine Biology and Research that indicate this is proven. [26]

So, it sounds like the verdict is in; seaweed can enhance libido.

Sea Moss for Weight Loss

There are lots of amazing healthy meal options available on the market. And adding seaweed to a variety of healthy meal options makes this a really simple process.

Did you know that Sea Moss is low fat and low cholesterol, and that research has shown that a balanced approach including consuming a low-calorie diet and seaweeds could help with weight loss? [27]

There are plenty of accounts of people you’ll be able to find that have shared their weight loss successes when they’ve consumed this seaweed as part of a healthy diet.

We are also frequently told about the benefits of consuming fiber in our diets. The great news is that Sea Moss contains dietary fiber which is essential for gut health and a good digestive system. We’ll dig into that a little deeper in the next section.

Other Sea Moss Benefits

Here, we will take a closer look at some of the other benefits of Sea Moss, and into the research behind Sea Moss, which:

1 – Contains Taurine
2 – Is rich in Long Chain Polysaccharides
3 – Strengthens Connective Tissue
4 – Helps to Improve Digestion
5 – May be Effective for Fighting Prostate Enlargement
6 – Can Help to Control Appetite
7 – Can Promote Mental and Emotional Wellbeing
8 – Supports Healthy Gums
9 – Can Help to Clear up Acne
10 – Can Help to Reduce Pore Size
11 – Is effective at Reducing Dandruff
12 – Helps to Improve Circulation, and
13 – Reduces the Impact of Radiation Poisoning

As we dig deeper on the benefits and side effects of this seaweed, we need to understand that it has been attributed with many benefits and is constantly being studied.

As a natural product that has been used for generations, it has a long list of loyal believers. Many Naturopaths and Herbalists will administer different seaweeds as a natural treatments for a range of conditions.

Rather than waiting to find out that you’re struggling with a particular complication, you may want to take preventative steps and consider the following benefits of sea moss in conjunction with professional advice.

It is a Valuable Source of Taurine

A mineral which lowers blood pressure, taurine is known to support a healthy metabolism and assist the body with binding bowel fats. As a result, is is actively involved in promoting the breakdown, digestion and absorption of nutrients. [28]

Taurine is also essential for healthy heart function and helps the body to maintain mineral balance within cells. [29]

As an amino sulfonic acid found in this seaweed, taurine is accompanied by kainoids, domoic and kainic acids, and laminin. [30]

Sea moss is rich in Carbohydrates called Polysaccharides

Polysaccharides from certain seaweeds have been studied and found to help strengthen the immune system. There are even some that have been found to assist with the reduction of tumor growth and autoimmune diseases. [31, 32]

These long chain polysaccharides are an interesting form of insoluble fiber, and they have been found to help manage cholesterol, inflammatory bowel disease, and they may also hold the key to tackling one of the biggest health concerns today associated with carcinogenics. [2, 33, 34]

Sea Moss helps to Strengthen Connective Tissue

Found to contain bioactive compounds known as fucoidans, this seaweed is a great support to healthy hair, skin and nails. Some people have even reported that it helps to stimulate the regrowth of hair. [4]

But, as mentioned earlier, any source of nutritional value your body gets that will support life will be used for this purpose primarily.

Collagen plays a key part in healthy bones and connective tissue. As these are more essential to keeping you alive and healthy than fighting wrinkles, this is where any bioactive compounds (where TGF-β stimulates the production of collagen) will be used as a priority when you ingest them. [36]

When you stop to think about the aging process, the skin changes in a more pronounced way when it is exposed to UV rays. These rays can stimulate the production of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) which contributes to the degradation of collagen. [37]

As we age our genetics may see us being exposed to higher secretions of MMP and the resultant deterioration of collagen type I and collagen type III.

Sea Moss helps with Digestion and Digestive Functions

As a source of natural insoluble fiber, this is described as having a regulatory effect on the intestinal tract as a result of it being sparsely fermented. Some people describe Sea Moss as having a very gentle laxative effect. [30]

The accounts I have had shared with me are that the almost slimy or filmy nature of it when it is made into a gel helps to line the bowels and keep them moving and healthy.

This is believed to reduce the potential for matter sticking in your gut during the digestion and excretion process.

By enhancing transit time, and being a prebiotic, it is a great form of gut food that helps with soothing complications and helping to heal previous gut damage. [2]

Sea Moss could hold the key to Treating Prostate Enlargement

In more recent times there has been research conducted on a range of seaweeds potentially providing a natural option for the treatment various forms of mutagenic cellular growth.

Various species of seaweed have been looked for the isolation of specific structural forms including bryostatin 1. [38]

Even though this research has proven to be slow paced and dogged with resource challenges, it is believed that Sea Moss and Bugula Neritina could provide a degree of hope to many. [39]

Can Help to Control Appetite

If you’ve been trying all sorts of ways to drop those last few stubborn pounds or kilos, this seaweed might be just the thing to help you reach your goal.

Various studies have pointed to the presence of a specific type of dietary fiber in seaweeds like Sea Moss, and fucoxanthin. It is through these that the body can receive messages that tell it that it has had enough food. [20]

Can Promote Mental and Emotional Wellbeing

Studies have shown that alterations to the composition of metabolites and microbiota in the gut through dietary fibers found in seaweeds like Sea Moss have had a positive effect. [20]

Interestingly, our bodies have no real means of storing or conserving potassium yet it is a necessary element for a healthy life. Potassium has also been attributed to supporting good mental and emotional health.

There have also been studies conducted where the benefits of potassium have been linked to improving ADHD, agitation, anxiety, depression, and even moodiness. [40]

Supports Healthy Gums

Using this as a dental aid was something I moved towards instead of using colloidal silver. The organified silver (a biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles) found in seaweeds is much more effective in the human body. [41, 42, 43]

Silver has a long history of being beneficial for good health. If you’re able to get the silver content you need from plant based sources rather than other non organic sources, you’ll be much better off in our opinion.

Can Help to Clear up Acne

The effect of this can be attributed to the anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties of the seaweed. I would also go so far as to say that the presence of Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA) in this seaweed has a significant part to play in skin repair here. [2, 3, 44, 45]

Can Help to Reduce Pore Size

Algal polysaccharides, specifically Galactans are believed to have a key role to play in promoting healthy skin and repairing the extracellular matrix. I firmly believe that these elements of the gel are what contributed to the reduction of pore size in my case. [5, 4, 35]

Is effective at Reducing Dandruff

This is promising for anyone who struggles to control a case of dandruff, and the science behind this points to the minerals and natural salts as one component of what Sea Moss absorbs from the sea. [4]

Particularly when combined with specific essential oils, this seaweed has the potential to provide relief to those who are looking for it. [46]

Helps to Improve Circulation

Extensive research into Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) and other elements of failing health that lead to poor blood circulation have yielded some interesting results. [47]

The filing of patents on the use of extracts from Sea Moss in the treatment of PAD and other complications including the presence and build up of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque appear to provide for a promising future for many. [48]

Being a natural source of Fucoidan, under targeted studies this seaweed was identified as having arterial and venous antithrombotic properties, and was even reported as being capable of forming new blood vessels in animals under controlled experiments. [36, 49]

Reduces the Impact of Radiation Poisoning

Seaweeds have been known to possess a range of benefits. But did you know that specific types of seaweed have been looked to for their capacity to treat the effects of radiation poisoning? [50]

After the fallout at Chernobyl the contamination of the area as a result of the radioactive matter left many with health complications, and still does to this day. One highly radioactive substance which was released was a radioisotope that proved to be particularly problematic; Iodine-131. [51, 52]

The preferred method of treatment for exposure to Iodine-131 is to does with potassium iodide. The potassium iodide blocks the uptake of Iodine-131 by the thyroid. [53]

Sea moss is one species of seaweed that has been identified as containing potassium iodide. This is not to say that your best option for treating radiation poisoning is to chow down on seaweed, but to highlight that it naturally contains what is used to deal with such complications. [54]

Known Side Effects of Sea Moss

The range of known side effects of Sea Moss can best be summed up to include:

  • It has anticoagulant properties
  • It has laxative properties

With all things that are good for you, there is what you could call an upper limit. That is to say that you can have too much of a good thing.

Sea Moss is not excluded from this. So there are some things that require consideration before you make it a regular part of your diet. Speak with your trusted specialist first.

Looking more closely at these known side effects, it is worth keeping in mind that:

It has anticoagulant properties

Different species of seaweed, including Sea Moss, contain naturally occurring blood thinners.

So it is not recommended to consume them when taking any type of blood thinning medication (anticoagulants) or blood pressure medication (anti-hypertensives). [55]

People that use various seaweeds like this while taking anti-hypertensives can experience negative side effects. Antihypertensive medication is used to treat high blood pressure, also known as hypertension.

Side effects that may occur can include feeling a sense of dizziness, a sense of being lightheaded and syncope, which is a momentary loss of consciousness and posture. [56]

If you have suffered from stomach ulcers or other medical issues where you have encountered internal bleeding then you would be best advised to avoid this and other seaweeds in the case that a preexisting medical condition is aggravated.

It has laxative properties

As touched on earlier, Sea Moss can have other side effects such as bringing on diarrhea in cases where there is excessive consumption.

However, the same could easily be said for anything that you have too much of. Your body is going to look for ways to flush it out if there is too much of it.

Provided you don’t suffer from any of the above conditions, this seaweed can be a great addition to your diet by bringing in plenty of additional nutrients and minerals for almost no side effect.


  1. “Minerals” – U.S. National Library of Medicine, 27 February 2006 [Medline Plus] [Archive]
  2. “Dietary polysaccharide-rich extract from Eucheuma Cottonii modulates the inflammatory response and suppresses colonic injury on dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis in mice” – S. Sudirman, Y. H. Hsu, J. L. He, Z. L. Kong , 5 October 2018 [POLS One] [Archive]
  3. “The Utilization of Seaweed Eucheuma Cottonii in the Production of Antiseptic Soap” – A. Baehaki, S. D. Lestari, D. F. Hildianti, 30 April 2019 [JPHPI] [Archive]
  4. “Seaweeds as Source of Bioactive Substances and Skin Care Therapy—Cosmeceuticals, Algotheraphy, and Thalassotherapy” – L. Pereira, 10 October 2018 [MDPI] [Archive]
  5. “Beneficial Effects of Marine Algae-Derived Carbohydrates for Skin Health” – J. H. Kim, J. E. Lee, K. H. Kim, N. J. Kang, 21 November 2018 [PubMed] [Archive]
  6. “The Seaweed Site: information on marine algae medicinal uses” – M. D. Guiry, accessed October 2021 [The Seaweed Site] [Archive]
  7. “Monte Verde: Seaweed, Food, Medicine, and the Peopling of South America” – T. D. Dillehay, C. Ramírez, M. Pino, M. B. Collins, J. Rossen, J. D. Pino-Navarro, June 2008 [ResearchGate] [Archive]
  8. “Antiviral Activity of Carrageenans from Marine Red Algae” – J. Montanha, N. Bourgougnon, J. Boustie, M. Amoros, January 2009 [ResearchGate]
  9. “Antibacterial Use of Macroalgae Compounds against Foodborne Pathogens” – A. Silva, S. A. Silva, C. Lourenço-Lopes,C. Jimenez-Lopez, M. Carpena, P. Gullón, M. Fraga-Corral, V. F. Domingues, M. F. Barroso, J. Simal-Gandara, M. A. Prieto, 19 August 2020 [MDPI] [Archive]
  10. “A dietary polysaccharide from Eucheuma cottonii downregulates proinflammatory cytokines and ameliorates osteoarthritis-associated cartilage degradation in obese rats” – S. Sudirman, H. W. Chang, C. K. Chen, Z. L. Kong, 2019 [Royal Society of Chemistry] [Archive]
  11. “The Effect of Seaweed Eucheuma cottonii on Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) Liver of Hypercholesterolemic Rats” – T. Wresdiyati, A. B. Hartanta, M. Astawan, September 2008 [Science Direct] [Archive]
  12. “Nutritional value of seaweeds and their potentialto serve as nutraceutical supplements” – T. Imchen, 8 October 2021 [ResearchGate]
  13. “Iodine” – NHMRC & NZ Ministry of Health, 9 April 2014 [NHMRC & Ministry of Health] [Archive]
  14. “Iodine, a Critically Important Nutrient” – K. Zelman, 1 April 2021 [Eat Right] [Archive]
  15. “Iodine” – Victoria Department of Health, 5 February 2020 [Better Health Channel] [Archive]
  16. “Iodine” – WebMD, last accessed 25 October 2021 [WebMD]
  17. “Looking Beyond the Terrestrial: The Potential of Seaweed Derived Bioactives to Treat Non-Communicable Diseases” – K. G. Collins, G. F. Fitzgerald, C. Stanton, R. P. Ross, March 2016 [PubMed] [Archive]
  18. “The Potency of Red Seaweed (Eucheuma cottonii) Extracts as Hepatoprotector on Lead Acetate-induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice” – G. Wardani, N. Farida, R. Andayani, M. Kuntoro, S. A. Sudjarwo, September 2017 [PubMed] [Archive]
  19. “Potential Bioactive Compounds from Seaweed for Diabetes Management” – Y. Sharifuddin, Y. X. Chin, P. E. Lim, S. M. Phang, August 2015 [PubMed] [Archive]
  20. “Risks and benefits of consuming edible seaweeds” – P. Cherry, C. O’Hara, P. J. Magee, E. M. McSorley, P. J. Allsopp, May 2019 [PubMed] [Archive]
  21. “Evaluation of heavy metal , antioxidant and anti-tyrosinase activities of red seaweed (Eucheuma cottonii)” – V. S. Chang, S. S. Teo, 2016 [Semantic Scholar] [Archive]
  22. “Biochemical, Micronutrient and Physicochemical Properties of the Dried Red Seaweeds Gracilaria edulis and Gracilaria corticata” – T. Rosemary, A. Arulkumar, S. Paramasivam, A. Mondragon-Portocarrero, J. M. Miranda, June 2019 [PubMed] [Archive]
  23. “Algae as nutritional and functional food sources: revisiting our understanding” – M. L. Wells, P. Potin, J. S. Craigie, J. A. Raven, S. S. Merchant, K. E. Helliwell, A. G. Smith, M. E. Camire, S. H. Brawley, 21 November 2016 [PubMed] [Archive]
  24. “Current Trends on Seaweeds: Looking at Chemical Composition, Phytopharmacology, and Cosmetic Applications” – B. Salehi, J. Sharifi-Rad, A. M. L. Seca, D. C. G. A. Pinto, I. Michalak, A. Trincone, A. P. Mishra, M. Nigam, W. Zam, N. Martins, 18 November 2019 [PubMed] [Archive]
  25. “Low iron levels in blood raises blood clot risk, new research suggests” – Imperial College London, 16 December 2011 [Science Daily] [Archive]
  26. “Marine Algae: An Extensive Review of Medicinal & Therapeutic Interests” – A. K. Mohiuddin, 23 September 2019 [Symbiosis Publishing] [Archive]
  27. “Biosynthetic Pathway and Health Benefits of Fucoxanthin, an Algae-Specific Xanthophyll in Brown Seaweeds” – K. Mikami, M. Hosokawa, July 2013 [PubMed] [Archive]
  28. “Taurine” – WebMD, last accessed 25 October 2021 [WebMD] [Archive]
  29. “What Is Taurine? Benefits, Side Effects and More” – R. Mawer, 27 November 2018 [Helathline] [Archive]
  30. “Seaweeds as a Functional Ingredient for a Healthy Diet” – R. Peñalver, J. M. Lorenzo, G. Ros, R. Amarowicz, M. Pateiro, G. Nieto, June 2020 [PubMed] [Archive] [MDPI] [Archive]
  31. “Brown Seaweed Egregia menziesii’s Cytotoxic Activity against Brain Cancer Cell Lines” – T. Olivares-Bañuelos, A. G. Gutiérrez-Rodríguez, R. Méndez-Bellido, R. Tovar-Miranda, O. Arroyo-Helguera, C. Juárez-Portilla, T. Meza-Menchaca, L. E. Aguilar-Rosas, L. C. R. Hernández-Kelly, A. Ortega, R. C. Zepeda, January 2019 [PubMed] [Archive]
  32. “Cytotoxic activity of eucheuma cottonii on MCF-7 human breast cancer” – C. H. Tan, V. S. Chang, S. S. Teo, January 2014 [ResearchGate] [Archive]
  33. “The Utilization of Seaweed as a Source of Dietary Fiber to Decrease the Serum Cholesterol in Rats” – M. Astawan, T. Wresdiyati, A. B. Hartanta, March 2005 [ResearchGate] [Archive]
  34. “Marine Polysaccharides Food Applications” – V. Venugopal, last accessed 25 October 2021 [Academia] [Archive]
  35. “Natural origin biodegradable systems in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine: present status and some moving trends” – J.F. Mano, G.A. Silva, H.S. Azevedo, P.B. Malafaya, R.A. Sousa, S.S. Silva, L.F. Boesel, J.M. Oliveira, T.C. Santos, A.P. Marques, N.M. Neves, R.L. Reis, 3 April 2007 [PubMed] [Archive]
  36. “Identification of Bioactive Compounds of Seaweed Sargassum sp. and Eucheuma cottonii Doty as a Raw Sunscreen Cream” – T. Hidayat, February 2018 [ResearchGate] [Archive]
  37. “Natural and Sun-Induced Aging of Human Skin” – L. Rittié, G. J. Fisher, January 2015 [PubMed] [Archive]
  38. “Neristatin 1 Provides Critical Insight into Bryostatin 1 Structure–Function Relationships” – N. Kedei, M. B. Kraft, G. E. Keck, C. L. Herald, N. Melody, G. R. Pettit, P. M. Blumberg, April 2014 [PubMed] [Archive]
  39. “Bugula neritina” – NCBI, last accessed 25 October 2021 [Taxonimy Browser]
  40. “Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder associated with KChIP1 rs1541665 in Kv channels accessory proteins” – F. F. Yuan, X. Gu, X. Huang, Y. W. Hou, Y. Zhong, J. Lin, J. Wu, Y. G. Yao, November 2017 [PubMed]
  41. “Seaweed Extracts Fight Gum Disease” – C. Adams, 29 October 2016 [Journal of Plant Medicines] [Archive]
  42. “Rapid biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using the marine red alga Laurencia catarinensis and their characterization” – N. A. Raouf, R. M. Alharbi, N. M. Al-Enazi, M. M. Alkhulaifi, I. B. M. Ibraheem, March 2018 [Science Direct] [Archive]
  43. “Synthesis of silver nanoparticles via green method using ultrasound irradiation in seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii media” – M. Faried, K. Shameli, M. Miyake, A. Hajalilou, K. Kalantari, Z. Zakaria, H. Hara, N. B. A. Khairudin, 10 May 2016 [Springer Link] [Archive]
  44. “Nutrient content of tropical edible seaweeds, Eucheuma cottonii, Caulerpa lentillifera and Sargassum polycystum” – P. Matanjun, S. Mohamed, N. Mustapha, K. Muhammad, 2009 [AGRIS] [Archive]
  45. “Photoprotective and anti-skin-aging effects of eicosapentaenoic acid in human skin in vivo” – H. H. Kim, S. Cho, S. Lee, K. H. Kim, K. Hy. Cho, H. C. Eun, J. H. Chung, 1 May 2006 [JLR] [Archive]
  46. “A composition for skin and/or hair care and/or treatment” – Y. T. Tan, S. Y. Tan, Y. W. Tan, S. Y. Tan, C. Y. Tan, W. L. Lee, K. Y. Loh, 23 May 2016 [Google Patents] [Archive]
  47. “Peripheral artery disease. Part 1: Clinical evaluation and noninvasive diagnosis” – J. F. Lau, M. D. Weinberg, J. W. Olin, May 2011 [ResearchGate] [Archive]
  48. “Methods to Stabilize and Reverse Atherosclerotic Lesions by Sulfated Polysaccharides” – C., Chen, M. Zhang, E. Hoyt, K. Chen, 13 December 2018 [FPO] [Archive]
  49. “Use of Marine Compounds to Treat Ischemic Diseases” – C. Boisson-Vidal, September 2018 [ResearchGate] [Archive]
  50. “The Thriving Seaweed Industry in PHL” – H. B. Cabie, January 2012 [ISSUU] [Archive]
  51. “Managing Terrorism or Accidental Nuclear Errors, Preparing for Iodine-131 Emergencies: A Comprehensive Review” – E. R. Braverman, K. Blum, B. Loeffke, R. Baker, F. Kreuk, S. P. Yang, J. R. Hurley, 15 April 2014 [PubMed]
  52. “Radioisotope Brief: Iodine-131 (I-131)” – National Center for Environmental Health, 16 October 2014 [CDC] [Archive]
  53. “Potassium Iodide (KI)” – US Department of Health and Human Services, 17 August 2021 [REMM] [Archive]
  54. “Phytochemical Test and Cytotoxic Activity of Macroalgae Eucheuma cottonii against Cervical HeLa Cells” – A. Arsianti1, Y. A. N. Aziza, K. D. Kurniasari, B. K. D. Mandasari, R. Masita, F. R. Zulfa, M. K. Dewi, C. R. Z. Zagloe, N. N. Azizah, R. Putrianingsih, 2018 [Pharmacogn] [Archive]
  55. “Antihypertensive drugs” – R. E. Jackson, M. C. Bellamy, December 2015 [Oxford Academic] [Archive]
  56. “Syncope (Fainting)” – American Heart Association Editorial Staff, 30 June 2017 [Heart.org] [Archive]